Е.Ю. Бобкова, (Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение высшего образования «Московский государственный университет технологий и управления им. К.Г. Разумовского», Первый Казачий Университет, Самарский казачий институт индустрии питания и бизнеса, региональный институт в г. Самаре)
В.В. Бандуров, (Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение высшего образования «Российский экономический университет им. Г.В.Плеханова», Самарский институт)
П.П. Альмурзин, (Федеральное государственное автономное образовательное учреждение высшего образования "Самарский государственный аэрокосмический университет им. академика С.П. Королева, национальный исследовательский университет")
Серия «Экономика и Право» # ЯНВАРЬ 2016
The problem of managing an industrial enterprise within the framework of environmental safety is becoming increasingly important. At present, almost every company is developing its production in an anthropogenic way. This resource-intensive type of development is based almost permanently on the use of artificial means of production created without any environmental constraints [6,7,13]. The main features of this type of development are constantly increasing volumes of involvement of not capable of self-repair and self-renewal natural resources into the production process, as well as an increased degree of exploitation of renewable resources at a rate exceeding the rate of natural reproduction and restoration. The current period of economic development is directly determined by the intensification of production, increase in the volume of natural resources involved and it is constantly increasing the degree of man-made pollution of the biosphere .
The main drivers of environmental reengineering are usually considered as: government regulation; self-awareness of the owner of the enterprise, social movement. State regulation in the modern Russian economy plays a crucial institutional and political role in environmental modernization [11,12]. This is evidenced by the recent initiatives of the government. The requirement for environmental safety highlights the determination of the list of environmental and economic incentives for companies using natural resources. An effective solution to the environmental problems in the modern economy is impossible without an effective environmental management system which allows the enterprise to manage the emerging risks and opportunities. Environmental risk associated with the level of product contamination, unacceptable to the level of domestic and foreign markets, injuries and diseases of the workers, the local population, pollution problems underminesthe position of the company on the national and international markets. As part of the environmental management, a systematic approach to solving environmental problems is carried out within strategic and operational activities of the company.
Many researchers associate problems of environmental safety with the crisis of management [1,3]. To overcome the crisis it is necessary to use high-quality management resources, including not only the subject-object relationship, but also national traditions, mentality, values, and sense orientation, quality and standard of living, development priorities of the country having high-tech national potential.
To implement management strategies to bring the country to a new level there is a need for sociological analysis of social changes, as well as management training. Management of the company is not a one-way "exposure social object as the subject of management", and purposeful process of interaction between the subject and object of management in order to achieve any result . Consequently, feedback plays an important role in functioning of the entire management system. Feedback brings in additional motivation of employee`s to make progress: workers set higher goals, develop more successful strategies and achieve better results.
In order to solve environmental problems in the company, to achieve sustainable ecological and economic development one will require a new system of ideas and innovative methodologies. The environmental situation in which we operate current economy necessitates a holistic review of the economic problems in terms of management as a way of preserving the environment. The environmental management system provides a solution to the organization of environmental issues through the rational use of available resources, distribution of responsibilities and ongoing evaluation activities.
For effective solution of management tasks it is necessary to adequately supervise and direct the activities of the enterprise in order to comply with environmental legislation, to educate and involve the work of all departments of the enterprise. In the framework of market-oriented environmental and social management, the key function of a manager is to identify the opportunities and risks of future activities of the enterprise and the formation of appropriate production strategy. However, while making management decisions one should take into account the environmental specific features: a significant focus on the environment; interpretation of the latter as a value with a greater meaning for society than just the utility; the priority of the global interests over those of individual communities.
Businesses need to create conditions for preservation of the environment, the development of environmentally friendly products with a high level of competitiveness; intensify its sales to obtain additional income by increasing the sustainability of industrial production and access to markets with high requirements for the environmentally friendly production and products characterized by high margins and disposal of all industrial waste in accordance with environmental legislation. The design stage of such products has to involve approaches and design solutions that promote efficient, rapid and complete processing of products and packaging materials. Saving the environment suitable for life, both now and in the future becomes an important aspect of any business. In this regard, the company needs to take on social responsibility and to participate in harmonizing the interests of the economy and the environment. This is the essence of social and ethical management - bringing together the interests of producers, consumers, society and the environment. Management decisions are discussed in the context of changes in the philosophy of the market, meaning the transition to ethics, compatible with sustainable development, i.e., shifting the focus of entrepreneurial culture from competition to cooperation. Management of ecological safety should be considered as the prime driver of the process of improving the environmental performance of the enterprise. It follows that one of the aspects of management - it is a well-written environmental policy. Environmental policy should reflect the commitment of top management, compliance of decisions with the legislative, regulatory, technical and other requirements, as well as the principle of continuous improvement. Environmental policy is the basis for setting the goals and objectives of the company . The principles of environmental policy must be clear to all stakeholders inside and outside the enterprise. They need to be systematically evaluated and reviewed to ensure that environmental policy fully reflects the current situation of the company. The company needs to establish certain environmental parameters that must meet both its activities and its products and services. Moreover, it should monitor its compliance with the selected parameters. Such measures are necessary in order to identify the most important environmental aspects of the company, the most influential on the environment. Administration of the enterprise must ensure that all important environmental aspects take into account setting environmental policy objectives. There is a list of attributes that must comply with the environmental policy of the enterprise. Average quality of environmental policy achieved by leading production companies, both worldwide and in Russia, is analyzed in Table 1.
© Е.Ю. Бобкова, В.В. Бандуров, П.П. Альмурзин, Журнал "Современная наука: актуальные проблемы теории и практики".